Anatomy Of The Female Reproductive System

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Anatomy Of The Female Reproductive System

Anatomy of the female reproductive system

The female reproductive system includes both internal and external structures.

External anatomy

The main function is to allow entry of sperms and to protect the internal genital organs from infections. They include:

Labia majora: Are large lip-like structures that enclose the external reproductive organs

Labia minora: Are the smaller lips within the labia majora and surround the vagina and urethra

Bartholin glands: Are present just besides the vaginal opening on each side and produce a mucus secretion that acts like a lubricant

Clitoris: The labia minora meets at the clitoris which is a small sensitive protrusion that can become erect with stimulation

Vagina: Is also the birth canal

Internal anatomy

Uterus: Is the womb which hosts the developing foetus and acts as a conduit for passage of sperms into the fallopian tube

Cervix: Is the part of the uterus that protrudes into the vagina

Ovaries: Are the two oval-shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus and produce eggs and hormones like oestrogen and progesterone

Fallopian tubes: Are tubes that convey the ovum from the ovaries to the uterus