It is a technique where a woman’s eggs are removed from her ovaries and fertilised with the man’s prepared sperm sample in the lab. The woman is given medication to stimulate the ovary to produce several eggs. These are removed by trans-vaginal ultrasound guidance under anaesthesia requiring a few hours of hospitalization. The eggs and sperm are then allowed to fertilize overnight in a petri dish in the lab and develop in the incubators for 2-6 days. The best embryos are then put back into the uterus to achieve pregnancy. Additional good quality embryos, if available, are frozen for future use.
IVF is indicated when:
- The female partner has blocked or damaged fallopian tubes and the egg and sperm may not be able to meet or the fertilised egg may not be able to make its way into the womb.
- The female partner has problems with ovulation (release of an egg) each month
- The female partner has endometriosis
- Unexplained infertility where no cause has been found for not being able to conceive, especially when couples have been trying to get pregnant for more than two years.
- Failed IUI